Fake Gagarin, Leonov, Mir space mission
Soviet Space Claims Questioned
Despite official acceptance of Soviet claims to mastery in space, unofficial doubts persist. In particular, several journalists and space authorities question the assertion that Moscow's cosmonauts, Yuri Gagarin and Gherman Titov, actually performed their celebrated flights around the globe.
Discrepancies in Moscow's account of both events are legion. Both Gagarin and Titov reported observations from their orbiting vehicles which are, by unanimous consent, impossible; both professed physiological reactions at variance with what is known about space flight; ... and both men were photographed in 'space' costumes oddly reminiscent of the gear worn by Charles Lindbergh. Moscow, moreover, couldn't get its facts straight on whether Gagarin came down in his vehicle or parachuted out of it, or whether his Vostok I had portholes or did not.
Unquestionably the most damaging of these confusions is the Gagarin-Titov version of what can be seen at heights of 100 miles or more. 'During the flight,' Gagarin said, 'I saw the earth from a great height. I could see the seas, the mountains, big cities, rivers, and forests.' And: 'While flying over Soviet territory, I saw perfectly great squares of collective farms. Itr was possible to distinguish between plowed land and grass land.' Titov reported similar observations...
These observations are infinitely more detailed than those reported by US astronaut Alan Shepard, and by American test pilot Joe Walker... How could Gagarin and Titov see things more clearly than Walker, spinning around the world at much greater speed and altitudes?...
As for the physiological details, aviation editor Peter Reich of Chicago's American lists a half-dozen discrepancies in the reactions reported by Gagarin. Of the claim that Gagarin sang a patriotic ballad during re-entry to the atmostphere, REich says. 'This writer experienced about 5 1/2 Gs (forces of gravity) in a jet fighter, and my chest felt as though it were caving in. Estimates are that during re-entry, a spaceman coming back from orbit will experience from ten to twenty Gs -- hardly a state in which to sing.' Titov said he slept soundly for eight of his 25-hours in orbit, a dubious claim on the face of it, and one contested by a Chicago psychiatrist, a specialist in the psychology of sleep, who said, 'I find this almost impossible to believe... [Titov] would be much too tense, too anxious, for sleep to be possible.' Titov's assertions that he had a generally rollicking time while in orbit are contradicted by Moscow's own scientists, who say he was the victim of 'nausea' and 'disorientation'...
... Despite all these contradictions, and despite the fact that no non-Soviet observer has confirmed any of the material details concerning launch and recovery, the Federation Aeronautique Internationale, July 22, accepted Moscow's claim to have orbited Gagarin...
In sum, there is little evidence that either Gagarin or Titov performed the wonders asserted by the Kremlin...
Soviet Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin was never in Space
A Soviet propaganda hoax has been revealed in the former communist countries (for example Hungary, Estonia and Poland). It was a myth that everyone had really believed in, that the Soviet Air Force officer Yuri Gagarin had made a space-flight. Many Western governments were aware of this Soviet bluff but did not want to reveal the truth. It was not intended for the people to know that the Soviet Union was a backward state.
One interesting book about this is 'Gagarin: A Cosmic Lie' ('Gagarin - kozmikus hazugsig,' Budapest, 1990) by the Hungarian journalist Istvin Nemere. Not one word about the contradictions surrounding Gagarin's 'journey into space' have been published in Sweden, where the Soviet Union is still regarded with a great deal of respect. Such a revelation would be far too embarrassing.
Until 1961, the United States had managed to send up 42 satellites, the Soviet Union only 12. The United States also informed the world that Alan Shepard would make a space journey in the spacecraft Freedom 7 on 5 May, 1961.
The Soviet Union was forced to do something to save face. For this reason a Soviet cosmonaut, Vladimir Ilyushin, was sent up into space on 7 April, 1961. The Americans intercepted several radio communications between him and the space centre in the Soviet Union. Ilyushin's landing failed and he was seriously injured. He could not be shown to the public. It was claimed that he had been injured in a car accident. He was sent to China to receive better medical treatment.
The Russian TV documentary 'Cosmonaut Cover-Up' (2001) also claims that on 7 April, 1961, Vladimir Ilyushin left for space, got into trouble during the first orbit, and crash-landed in China during the third orbit. Ilyushin was badly injured. He was returned to the Soviet Union a year later. Ilyushin was killed in an engineered car accident in 1961.
The Soviet Union did not have a spare capsule at that time and in Moscow it was decided to orchestrate a huge bluff, a cosmic lie.
Radio Moscow claimed that a Soviet cosmonaut, Yuri Gagarin, had been sent up into space on the morning of 12 April, 1961 with the space-rocket Mostok. According to the official announcement, he had already landed and was in fine health. The whole world believed this except for the Western intelligence services. They had not managed to register any radio communication between Gagarin and the space centre.
This hoax was sloppily orchestrated. Polish newspapers announced already on the morning of 12 April that a Soviet cosmonaut had been in space. Newspapers in other countries did not report Gagarin's flight until 13 April.
In a book written for the West, Soviet propagandists claimed that simple peasants recognized Yuri Gagarin soon after he landed in a field and enthusiastically shouted: 'Gagarin, Gagarin!' But nothing about his 'space journey' had been reported at that time, no pictures of him had been published and his name had not been mentioned. The message from radio and TV was sent out 35 minutes after the alleged journey. Were the peasants psychic?
The newspaper Sovetskaya Rossiya claimed that Gagarin was wearing a blue flightsuit when he landed. In his memoirs, Gagarin himself claimed he was dressed in an orange flightsuit.
At his press conference, Gagarin read from notes when he 'related' his journey. During the press conference, he made several crucial mistakes. Gagarin stated that weightlessness was no problem. Everything seemed just normal. We now know that this is not the case. The cosmonaut German Titov, for example, had difficulties with his balance and had heart problems. American astronauts experienced similar symptoms.
Gagarin then made his most serious mistake, despite the fact that he was constantly assisted by experts, who often spoke about discoveries in space. He said: 'Then I saw South America'.
This is impossible. At that time it was night in South America, which meant that it could not be seen at all. According to the official reports, Gagarin began his 'space journey' at 9:07 Moscow time. He was supposed to have flown over South America at 9:22 Moscow time. In Chile, the time would have been 2:22, in Brazil 3:22. He could never have reached South America in 15 minutes. For other cosmonauts it took 45 minutes.
Foreign journalists wondered: 'When will the photographs that Gagarin took in space be published?' Gagarin was silent, thought for a moment and answered: 'I didn't have a camera with me!'
Even unmanned Soviet space probes had photographic equipment on board. It would have been an important propaganda triumph to publish Gagarin's pictures from space. The Soviet Union would never have missed an opportunity like that. Shepard's pictures were cabled out immediately. Parts of his flight were also shown on TV.
At the press conference, it was never explained whether Gagarin landed in his capsule or was ejected. If he had used the catapult seat, he would have become several centimetres shorter. This could easily have been ascertained. All pilots who have catapulted have become somewhat shorter as a result of spinal deformation.
When Gagarin wanted to travel in space for real in 1968, he was disposed of, according to Istvin Nemere. His plane exploded on 27 March the same year. The official report concerning this event contained many contradictions. The report was classified during the communist period. It claimed that there was not much left of Gagarin's body after the crash. In that case, how did his flightsuit come to land in the top of a tree?
There are far too many questions surrounding Gagarin's spaceflight in April 1961. A British team of researchers who questions the propaganda surrounding manned journeys to the moon also confirms this information. When will the truth be admitted officially?
On 12 April 2001, the Russian senior engineer Mikhail Rudenko, at the Experimental Design Office 456, in Khimki in the Moscow region, admitted in Pravda that three cosmonauts had died in space before Gagarin was sent up, namely Alexei Ledovskikh (1957), Serenti Zhaborin (February 195, and Andrei Mitkov (flight attempt January 1959).
The Russian journalist and cosmonaut candidate (June 1965) Yaroslav Golovanov (1932-2003) wrote in his book 'Cosmonaut One' that on 10 November 1960, another cosmonaut, Byelokonyev, also died on board a space-ship in orbit. Several sources reveal that 7-11 cosmonauts have died in orbit before Gagarin.
The CIA knew about the Gagarin bluff but said nothing. Instead they have come up with more and more ridiculous lies themselves. (Juri Lina, Architects of Deception. The Concealed History of Freemasonry. Referent Publishing Stockholm, 2004. p. 26-29).
The sensational information on the how the most famous space expedition of them all, the Leonov mission of 1965, was faked:http://forums.randi.org/showthread.php?t=12690 http://www.biblebelievers.org.au/gagarin.htmhttp://www.svengrahn.pp.se/histind/Fakes/Fakes.htmhttp://www.vho.org/tr/2004/3/Kausch250-253.html
What sort of Soviet craft had orbited the earth then, if it was not a spaceship with two cosmonauts on board? All stated contradictions and lies expose the secret of Leonov's 'space flight': What Soviet propaganda called 'Voskhod 2' was actually a tiny satellite that carried tape-recorded voices, heartbeats etc. and (faked) telemetric transmissions for a gigantic hoax!
'Four months of solid research interviewing experts in the fields of photo-optics, photo-chemistry and electro-optics, all of whom carefully studied the motion picture film and still photographs officially released by the Soviet Government ... (indicate them to be) double-printed .. The foreground (Leonov) was superimposed on the background (Earth below). The Russian film showed reflections from the glass plate under which a double plate is made ... Leonov was suspended from wire or cables ... In several episodes of the Russian film, light was reflected from a small portion of wire (or cable) attached to Leonov's space suit ... One camera angle was impossible of achievement. This showed Leonov crawling out of his hatch into space. It was a head on shot, so the camera would have had to have been located out in space beyond the space ship.'
The Emperor's New Lunik by M. Stanton Evans
Could the saga of Luniks I, II, and II be the outstanding scientific hoax of the generation? Consider these contradictions in Soviet claims.
On October 4, 1959, the Soviet Union announced that it had launched a revolutionary new space vehicle that would loop around the moon, photograph its hidden side, and return to circle the earth in a huge, oblong orbit. The vehicle was called Lunik III.
Within hours of the announcement, the free world had greeted the feat with all the tribute it could muster from the generous vocabulary of sportsmanship. Comment by a British astronomer named Patrick Moore suggested that the Good Losers of the West could even force themselves to be downright enthusiastic about the deeds of the enemy. 'We've simply got to hand it to the Russians,' Moore was quoted. 'This should surely dispose of any allegations that Lunik II, which crash-landed on the moon, was a fake.'
Lunik III, however, turns out to be a less definitive achievement than Moore and other sportsmen have been willing to allow. Far from laying to rest all doubts about the authenticity of Lunik II, the third moon shot stirs up some questions on its own account.
Lloyd Mallan's Investigation
The strange saga of the Luniks properly begins with a science writer named Lloyd Mallan, who took an extensive tour through the Soviet Union last year, and returned to America convinced the Communists were several decades behind this country in scientific and miliitary development.
When Lunik I was announced on January 2 of this year, Mallan conducted a thorough personal investigation...
Mallan thereupon charged that Lunik I was a hoax -- an allegation he made in True magazine, before a congressional committe, and in a book called Russia and the Big Red Lie...
In no instance to date has anyone been able to explain away the facts that Mallan has assembled, or been able scientifically to challenge his interpretation of them...
As to the alleged existence of orbiting satellites, the origin of the hoax is said to begin with the Soviet Sputnik of 1956 which is often stated to be the first satellite, but it was preceeded by an american attempt to launch a satellite earlier in the year which failed. 'Science and Mechanics' magazine ran a series of articles by Lloyd Mallan in 1966 entitled 'Russia's Space Hoax.' These were then combined and published as a book. The thesis of 'Russia's Space Hoax' is that Sputnik as well as the entire Soviet space program was faked. Lloyd Mallan was an astronomer and author of multiple books on modern astronomy. As one might infer from the title of the journal in which the articles first appeared, 'Russia's Space Hoax' is a highly technical book.
In other words, the Russians hide things which many Americans would like to hide about their own program, but with more success. Blame for this must be placed on the high-level decision to utilize successes in space as a propaganda tool for displaying 'the superiority of socialism'.
Since 1957, Mr. Mallan has maintained that each successive Russian space feat has been faked or greatly exaggerated. In 1959 he testified before Congress that the Russian moon-probe had never existed. The next year he maintained that the farside moon photos were faked. Later he picked up and played up the discrepancies and distortions in the manned flight program. The 1965 space-walk was a fake, he maintained; the 1967 Soyuz disaster was not what it appeared, he claims, but was possibly the first 'real' Russian spaceflight.
The Mir missions/space shuttle missions are faked/falsified in the same way.